Modernism and Post Modernism both fight to grab a place in the architect’s mind. But it is modernism the architect who decides on basis of their morals and values. Mies told “LESS IS MORE” whereas Venturi replied to it sarcastically by saying “LESS IS BORE”. So according to Venturi the idea of modernism was to make things look more ornamental and to romanticize architecture by adding more and more to it but still keeping the aesthetics of the building.
It is said that modernism started in New York and postmodernism started in Las Vegas by the building of different hotels and the idea that the appearance of the building should convey the function of the same. The earlier buildings in vegas like MGM hotel. Hotel Venetian etc. these hotels just replicate their names. Example the Venetian hotel has structure like the city of venice. Another example given in the text is about the piazza in new orlean. The plaza is made in a way one gets experience of Italy looking at all the decorated facades with all the column orders used in one go. This is just to decorate and to give a sense of Italy by just putting them with no meaning. This is the way postmodernism came up in vegas and other places.
Post modernism is basically everything after modernism. So all the buildings and ides that came up after the 1970’s are considered to be postmodern. Post modernism challenged many ideas of modernism like symmetry and went into abstraction, it challenges the use of material. It challenges the idea of ornamentation. The best example of breaking the symmetry and making abstract forms is the Guggenheim museum, Bilbao Spain. The form is challenged and the symmetry is broken. Another architect is Zaha Hadid who challenges material and form both and makes free flowing structures which may people told couldn’t stay. Another architect who collects and builds is Carlos Scarpa. The idea of collections is basically collecting different forms and shapes and putting them together in a way which one can relate with and also choosing the right material that could express the form to the fullest.
It is not that modernism didn’t have such characteristics, it’s just that the values then and now have changed and the ideas are put together in a correct manner to make one experience the space or building. There were many failures in the postmodern architecture where the building was supposed to be something and it became something else.
But I feel that post-modernism is a trend as the way it is progressing challenges all the notions of buildings, space and many other ideas. But it is applicable only if the ideas of postmodernism are implemented in a correct manner.
It is necessary to learn from the mistakes that the early postmodern architects did and absorb the ideas of the latter. One might get leaded to super modernism.